International Organizations Participation in Preliminary Examination in International Criminal Court

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student in Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Alborz, Iran

Abstract

International organizations as one of the effective subjects of international law have varied functions in different international issues. Organizations participation in ensuring realization of criminal justice has been evolved with establishment of International Criminal Court. International Organizations participation in trail procedure by providing information is one of the mechanisms that can be effective in realization of criminal justice. This article aims to study the feasibility of effect of international organizations in fulfilment of international criminal justice. With descriptive analytical method and by reference to court jurisprudence it answers to these questions: what is the role of international organizations to initiate of the criminal procedure in preliminary examination phase? How are the participation mechanisms of international organizations in judicial review in Prosecutor’s decisions? And assuming this participation, what is the role of these organs in fulfilment of international criminal justice?
The results of this study show that the rules of Court in innovative manner have provided the International Organizations participation in preliminary examination phase. At this phase, on one hand International Organizations trigger the prosecution and prepare the basis of preliminary examination by providing information, and on the other hand, establish the basis of judicial review in Prosecutor’s decisions to proceed or not to proceed the investigation. This article studies how organizations can affect the trigger of prosecution and judicial review in Prosecutor’s decisions at preliminary examination.

Keywords


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