Evaluation of the law on reducing the punishment of imprisonment from the point of view of risk-oriented criminal policy

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Master's degree in Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Tirana Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law, Tirana Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran

Abstract

Today,theoretical views and practical requirements have caused modernmanagement ideas to create many changes in various aspects of human social life. It can be boldly claimed that the conceptof crime is one of the concepts that is constantly changing, and this has forced the criminaljustice system to providenew managementsolutions to control the rateof crime.Crime risk assessment and management,which came to the attention of criminal policymakers afterthefallof the theory of reform and treatment of punishments, is a new approach incriminal sciences, the emergence of which has had significant effectson criminal justice systems.his approach,with the aim of removing the powerof crime and increasing social security,has left many effects in the practical areas and policies ofcontemporary criminal justice.Today,following thepractical necessities governing criminal policies, the current orientation of Iran's criminal system, in order to reduce the amount ofdelinquencythrough management methods, has led to the mentionedapproach.In this regard, the classification of punishments, the application of alternative punishmentsof imprisonment, the semi-freedom system, etc.,are among the important measuresof the Criminal Codeapproved in in determiningthe punishment. Therefore, thelaw on reducing the punishment of imprisonment approved in 2019 as thelast will of the criminal policy makers, was approved by the IslamicCouncil with the introductionof fundamental reforms in the Criminal Code.Therefore, the following article will follow the parametersof the riskoriented criminal policyin the said law with descriptiveanalytical method.The findings indicate thatthe platforms for the implementation of crime risk management in this law are facing a challenge and the lack of a specific theoretical basisin determining the punishment is the most importantproblem.

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