Criminological conceptualization of state crimes

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 PhD student, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Humanities, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant professor, faculty member, Department of Law, Humanities Research and Development Institute (Samt) and Visiting Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. and visiting professor of Law Department, Faculty of Humanities, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Faculty of Humanities, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

The discourse of criminal law and criminology is traditionally used from attention to state crimes in schools and criminological theories, in such a way that in the "person-centered" theories of criminology, state crimes cannot be reflected in principle. In addition, theories "Structural." Criminology also does not specifically represent the criminal activists of states., in critical criminology, strains of these criminal behaviors of the state are identified in a minimal way under concepts such as (white collar crimes and legal love crimes). is supposed to But in general, state crimes are considered as "absent" in criminological opinions. What needs to be mentioned is that the absence of state crimes in the list of criminal laws and criminological theories does not indicate its absence as a big phenomenon. The result of this research, with the descriptive-analytical method in order to examine the states harmful/criminogenic actors in criminological theories, the authors try to read the test and criminal theories in the light of the new method and approach of this behaviorist about representation and identification. . The results of this research show that although state crimes in the criminal justice system and criminology are basically without "description" as an phenomenon (legal structure), but the phenomenon of state crimes is based on moral, philosophical and community principles. Civil society will be recognizable from the perspective of "description - or Buddhism" and its strains can be identified in an application of phenomenological method, in schools and theories of criminology as a phenomenon without mediation (mental).

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