Complication of hyperglycemia in patients from a criminological point of view

Document Type : Original Article


PhD student, instructor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran


From a biological-psychological point of view, one of the root issues in the occurrence of crime is hormonal changes in the body and the occurrence of hyperglycemia. This article was conducted with the aim of investigating the decrease in willpower and alertness of a person due to the increase in blood sugar in diabetic patients and the resulting complications.
Lack of insulin secretion or inability of cells to respond to it leads to high blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia), which is a clinical sign of diabetes. Several factors can cause an increase in blood sugar in people with diabetes; The pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin (type 1 diabetes), the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin and does not secrete enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels (type 2 diabetes) and increase glucose production. It is also possible that glucagon, cortisol, and adrenaline hormones act against insulin and cause high blood pressure and increased blood sugar. This complication can lead to physical problems such as; Stroke, heart diseases caused by coronary arteries, destruction of retinal vessels, kidney failure, damage to nerves, urinary and skin infections, and mental illnesses, including; anxiety and depression.
Examining each of these complications is very important from the point of view of criminology, because it leads to behavioral abnormalities in a person and strengthens the grounds for committing a crime in him. Therefore, if he commits a crime, he should found him partially responsible in terms of criminal responsibility.