Evolution of the Principle of Legality of Crime about Crime against Humanity in the light of Development of International Criminal Courts

Document Type : Original Article



The analytic assessment of the statutes and jurisprudence of the international criminal courts points out that the principle of legality of crime, about crime against humanity, has passed through three stages; denial, relative progress, and the necessity of predominance. The courts of first generation denied the ruling of this principle in scope of international criminal law, but the courts of the second and the third generation, with relative progress, helped the ruling of this principle. Finally, the International Criminal Court (ICC) felt the need to consider the ruling of the principle of legality of crime, about crime against humanity, as one of the general principles of the criminal law.
This article tries to answer the question that what changes the principle of legality of crime, on crime against humanity, in the process of evolution of international criminal courts, has gone through, and to what extent the current situation is considered to be desirable and useful; with this hypothesis that the developments concerning the ruling of the principle of legality in this respect have been in an increasing procedure, yet it is far from the desirable status.
In conclusion, although the doctrine of legality has replaced the doctrine of justice, resorting to analogy is a harm which still threatens the principle of legality of international crimes.
The solution is that the criminal rule, when representing criminalization, should express the definition of crime with offering a comprehensive definition rather than offering a vague concept for numbering the instances (examples). More than, it had better leave the recognition of the examples to the judge himself. 


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