The Influence of Human Rights Law on the International Criminal Regime about Death Penalty

Document Type : Original Article


Assistant Professor of Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran,


The objectives of punishment are deterrence, retribution, correction of criminals and protection of the society. The designers of statute of Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals that after Second World War established among mentioned objectives was taken into consideration only retribution. While in resolutions of Security Council of United Nations for the establishment of international tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda all the objectives of punishment are inferential. Death penalty has not been predicted in their statutes. The reason of this can be the ratify of international documents of human rights as ICCPR and the second optional protocol of it and ECHR and annex sixth protocol of it can be named. On the other hand it can be claimed that in spite of there is no consensus in the context of death penalty prohibition in international law but the ratification of international criminal court statute by a huge number of countries in the world especially the countries that death penalty has not been prohibited in their internal regulations, represents the influence of human rights law on international criminal courts statute. But the case that can effect the impact of human rights law on statute of the international criminal court, is the possibility of retrial toward the convicted person in international criminal court by national courts that still have kept execution in their laws, so by correcting article 20(2) of statute and changing the word “crimes” to “behavior’, we will not only witness observance of human rights law of ne bis in idem, But also Status of the human rights law in prohibition of the death penalty in the statute of international criminal court will be protected in the best way.


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