The European Union and International Criminal Court: Institutional Cooperation and Support

Document Type : Original Article


1 Professor at International and Public Law Department, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Graduate at International Law, Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran


Establishment of International Criminal Court (ICC) can undoubtedly be considered as the most significant achievement of the international community in its movement toward criminal justice. Such a mandate, however, cannot be achieved without support and cooperation with other international players. The present study will review the cooperation and support the ICC can receive from a regional arrangement such as the European Union. For this purpose, we will review issues such as the basis of obligations of the EU to support ICC, the major policies and the concrete actions adopted by the EU. The European Union as one important regional arrangement has defined its macro-policy toward ICC with a view to achieve two main goals, namely universality of the Rome Statute and effective functioning of the ICC. To realize those goals, EU has adopted certain measures including adoption of a common policy as basis of EU-ICC support; conclusion of a cooperation agreement as the basis for EU-ICC cooperation and several action plans to implement such documents. After a decade of support and cooperation, the EU policies and measures have provided a proper framework for such cooperation and support.


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