عنوان مقاله [English]
International organisatinos as one of the effective subjects of international law have varied functions in different international issues. Organisations participation in ensuring realization of criminal justice has been evolved with establishment of International Criminal Court. International Organisations participation in trail procedure by providing informations is one of the mechanisms that can be effective in realization of criminal justice. This article aims to study the feasibility of effect of international organisations in fulfilment of international criminal justice. with descriptive analytical method and by reference to court jurisprudene it answers to this questions: what is the role of international organisations to initiate of the criminal procedure in preliminary examination phase? How is the participation mechanisms of international organisations in judicial review in Prosecutor’s decisions? And assuming this participation, what is the role of this organs in fulfilment of international criminal justice?
The results of this study show that the rules of Court in innovative manner has provided the International Organisations participation in preliminary examination phase. At this phase, on one hand International Organisations trigger the prosecution and prepare the basis of preliminary examination by providing informations, and on the other hand, establish the basis of judicial review in Prosecutor’s decisions to proceed or not to proceed the investigation. This article studies how organisations can affect the trigger of prosecution and judicial review in Prosecutor’s decisions at preliminary examination.
Key words: International Organisations, International Criminal Court, preliminary examination, judicial review, criminal justice.