عنوان مقاله [English]
In the history of penal systems, the philosophy of punishment has been like a stream. While, in some era the retribution and revenge has been the prevail approach in criminal policy, in other times deterrence and rehabilitation overcome. In recent years, the criminal professors has emphasized to some punishments that without violence and pressures of prison and in a calm atmosphere rehabilitate the offenders.
One of the industrial area that can be connect to philosophy of punishment is insurance industry. restorative insurance is an insurance that looks for rehabilitation and compensation in light of restorative justice principles. So, it can be said that restorative insurance is a purposeful connection between insurance industry, criminal law, criminal policy and victimology. These fields while are separate from each other and all of them have special goals, but they are common in relation with basic values like soul, property, honor and liberty. Otherwise, it seems that negligence to this connection causes to violate human dignity in different ways. Restorative insurance according to legal and industrial structures of insurance and regulation of it in light of co-operation principle is related to participative criminal policy to enhance the responsibility of society.