نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
استادیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the functions of criminal procedure is support of the rights and individual freedom. In some situations, restrictive actions such as detention to keep public order and detect a crime is inevitable. This action is against the principle of the innocence and therefore must be used as a last resort. To achieve mentioned purpose and also fair justice, on the one hand at this essay will be emphasized that detention warrant must be issued only by a “neutral, detached and independent” judge and also detention being adversarial proceeding and making distinguish between investigatory authority and judicial judge will be emphasized. On the other hand, detained person at necessary situations in the legal manners must object to the detention before an independent authority. According to comparison studies, judicial authority must be considered the objection as soon as possible in the adversarial proceeding and in presence of detained person. It is noted that this process must be hold in the multiple judges system and obtained a suitable decision. It is obvious that the use of comparison studies in the both of fields could assist us in seeking fair model for the proceeding of issuance and objection to detention warrant as the most serious action against individual right before issuing certain verdict.