عنوان مقاله [English]
The main principle to resolve the overlap in criminal titles against committing a behavior is intellectual diversity. Intellectual diversity against committing a single behavior applies for violation of two or several values supported by legal provisions cited in different regulation. In some cases, although, one behavior causes an overlap for the titles on which intellectual diversity is not applied? Particularly, the 2013 Islamic Penal Code, Art 134, Clause 2, has arranged an exception for the diversity principles that addresses a probability in which apparently more than one misdemeanor occurs in some cases, while this is not regarded as a diversity
This article is intended to examine above-mentioned challenge with the issue of cyber publishing false and computer related defamation as its case study. This is concluded that an intellectual diversity shall not be enforced due solely to a single behavior which has given rise to more than one criminal title; especially where both titles are aligned, but one is specific and the other general wherein the specific criminal title is chosen.