نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکترای تخصصی، گروه حقوق، واحد امارات متحده عربی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، دبی، امارات متحده عربی
2 دانشیار، گروه حقوق، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The testimony as a proof of crime, after confession, has a special place in Iran's criminal justice system and unlike some of the evidence, such as confession, education requires citizens to participate. In this process, the fulfillment of the functionalist role for intuition and knowledge requires the use of certain supportive methods that are rooted in the protection of individual and social rights and, to a significant extent, have the foundations of human rights. Therefore, in order to understand the basis of these measures, it is desirable to draw up its provisions based on the protection of human rights and human dignity and the promotion of justice. The Iranian version of Iran's Code of Conduct also replaced the passive approach in the new version in comparison with the previous laws and determined the definition and allocation of the special rights of witnesses and informers. The comparison of domestic law with international and regional documents also reflects the relative alignment of the current domestic lawmaker's approach to human rights standards. However, in some areas such as women's testimony, we have faced challenges. However, the results of our studies have shown that the Criminal Procedure Code provides more legitimate regulation than the role of witnesses and informants in comparison to former laws.