نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی
استادیار دانشگاه پیامنور، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Protecting the victim’s rights does not have much less importance than the accused’s rights. But, the support of his government depends on the criminalization and particularly identification of the perpetrators and victim of every crime, at the level of the member states of the European Union. However, the victim's territorial state is subject to the principle of mutual recognition of the obligation to comply with the criminal law or judicial decisions of the foreign state’s courts to deal with the crime in their territorial jurisdiction and to protect the victim. But, this situation is in contradiction with the principle of intraregional sovereignty and the opposition of the criminal laws of states. On the one hand, the realization of the idea of the formation of the European Union in the area of freedom, security and justice requires a unified criminal law in the territory of the European Union which has not yet been possible. On the other hand, the difference in the criminal law of the territorial state of the perpetrator with the laws of the government of the victim has caused them to be confronted with each other, in so far as the implementation of the laws of each one in the territory of another Member State of the European Union faces challenges. European Union by creating The Principle of Mutual Recognition has met the challenges posed by this confrontation. Hence, the subject of this paper is to examine the experience, barriers and solutions proposed by the European Union Criminal Law to overcome its challenges. However, the results of this study indicate that the implementation of the principle of mutual recognition relies on the principle of harmonization of criminal laws and in contravention of the ban on the extradition of domestic citizens and the principle of the legality of crimes.